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The Peloponnese or Peloponnisos is a large peninsula in southern Greece, south of the Corinthian Gulf. It covers an area of 21,549 km (8,320 square miles), and constitutes the southernmost part of mainland Greece. While technically it may be considered an island since the construction of the Corinth Canal in 1893, it is rarely, if ever referred to as an "island". It has two land connections with the rest of Greece, a natural one at the Isthmus of Corinth and an artificial one in the shape of the Rio-Antirio bridge.

The peninsula has a mountainous interior and deeply indented coasts, with Mount Taygetus being its highest point. It possesses four south-pointing peninsulas, Messenia, the Mani Peninsula, Cape Malea, and the Argolid in the far northeast of the Peloponnese. Peloponnese is a rugged land that combines the scent of the sea, the mountains, olive trees, and vineyards. It is a place for all seasons.

The Mycenaean Civilization, Vasses, Olympia, and Epidavros are among the most important monuments of Ancient Greece. Mistras in Sparti and Aghia Sophia at Monemvasia are jewels of the Byzantine era. The castles of Peloponnese are very famous, most eminent among them are those of Acrocorinth, Karitena, Kalamata, Koroni, and most picturesque of all, the castle of Methoni. Nafplion, one of Greece's loveliest and most delightful towns, was the first capital of the modern state.

Two groups of islands lie off the Peloponnesian coast: the Argo-Saronic Islands to the east, and the Ionian Islands to the west. The island of Kythira to the south of the Peloponnese is considered to be part of the Ionian Islands.